“Often and perhaps inevitably have security issues,” Benchemsi says. The area is currently inhabited by an estimated 4 million civilians, including hundreds of thousands displaced in recent years by regime forces out of cities and communities across the war-torn country. But without the agreement of the UN Security Council, they lacked international legitimacy and the extent to which they saved lives was also questioned. When the no-fly zones were in effect, the United States, France and Britain were accused of killing hundreds of Iraqi civilians in bombings. 11. The Turkish side will terminate Operation Peace Spring in order to allow the withdrawal of the YPG from the safe zone within 120 hours. Operation Peace Spring will be halted after this withdrawal. The deal was announced in separate statements from the Turkish Defense Ministry and the U.S. Embassy in Ankara. ISTANBUL (Reuters) – Turkey`s deadline to establish a “safe zone” in northern Syria by the end of September with the United States has expired, so the threat of unilateral military intervention by Ankara hangs over the region.
The government welcomes President Erdogan`s willingness to take a step forward, to accept a ceasefire and to seize this opportunity to find a solution. Both governments are campaigning for a peaceful safe zone in northeastern Syria. Joint US-Turkish statement on northeastern Syria Ozcelik said he saw the deal as a move towards the presence of “Turkish boots on the ground,” in the form of joint patrols with the US and Arab SDF members, especially in cities like Tal Abyad and Kobane. In an interview with Al Jazeera, he argued that the two sides had reached an agreement on the northwestern part of the area east of the Euphrates. “The protection of demilitarized and descaling zones in the region is particularly important. Otherwise, the violation of the agreement and a humanitarian tragedy will be inevitable,” he added. Russian and Turkish troops have begun patrolling what Turkey calls a “safe zone” in northeastern Syria. “They say that the meeting is over and they have reached an agreement on the shape of the safe zone, but what will this zone be, which forces will participate in it, so far it is not clear,” Al Ali said.
However, conflict is not fertile ground for maintaining an agreement between the belligerents and, if an agreement breaks, civilians who fled there to escape the fighting are again exposed to the risk of attack. Turkey agreed to stop its offensive for 120 hours so that the US could facilitate the withdrawal of YPG troops from the Turkish-controlled safe zone. Turkey agreed to a lasting ceasefire following the YPG`s withdrawal. The US has already begun to facilitate the withdrawal of the YPG from the safe zone. U.S. President Donald Trump announced last year that the U.S. armed forces would leave Syria and begin a first withdrawal, a move welcomed by Ankara, and the two NATO allies agreed to create the security perimeter. Since then, discussions on the establishment of a safe zone have been ongoing and little or no progress has been made until Wednesday. “When we look at history, safe zones created in mass conflicts were rarely really safe,” Benchemsi says. In contrast, the no-fly zones in northern and southern Iraq were considered effective because they protected Kurds and Shia Muslims from Saddam Hussein`s forces. The recent agreement between the United States and Turkey has delayed a conflict in northeastern Syria, but has not ruled it out. There is also a risk that armed fighters will mingle with civilians and turn the safe zone into a legitimate military target.