The Schengen Agreement was signed on 14 June 1985 by five of the ten EC Member States in the Schengen City, Luxembourg. The Schengen area was created separately from the European Communities, when not all the Member States of the Eu reached a consensus on the abolition of border controls. The Schengen Agreement was signed independently of the European Union, partly because of the lack of consensus among EU Member States on whether the EU is responsible for the abolition of border controls and, secondly, because those who were ready to implement the idea did not expect others (at that time there was no enhanced mechanism). The agreement provided for a harmonization of visa policy allowing people in border areas to cross the borders of fixed checkpoints, replace passport controls with visual surveillance of vehicles at reduced speeds, and carry out vehicle checks allowing vehicles to cross borders without stopping.  The Schengen Agreement (German: /)) is a treaty that has led to the creation of the European Schengen area, in which internal border controls have been largely abolished. 1985, signed by five of the ten member states of the European Economic Community at the time, near the city of Schengen. He proposed measures to phase out the signatories` common border controls, including vehicle-in-board checks, which allowed vehicles to cross borders without stopping, allowing people in border areas to cross borders to cross the borders of fixed checkpoints and to harmonize visa policy.  Visa liberalisation negotiations between the EU and the Western Balkans (excluding Kosovo) began in the first half of 2008 and ended in 2009 (for Montenegro, Northern Macedonia and Serbia) and 2010 (for Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina). Prior to the total abolition of visas, the countries of the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Northern Macedonia and Serbia) had signed “visa easing agreements” with the Schengen states in 2008. Visa facilitation agreements should, at the time, reduce wait times, reduce visa fees (including free visas for certain categories of travellers) and reduce red tape. In practice, however, the new procedures have proven to be longer, heavier and more costly, and many have complained about the ease of obtaining visas before mediation agreements come into force.    Three important aspects of the Schengen acquis have implications for national border policy for all signatory Member States.
The first theme is the removal of internal border controls.